Anar Rasul oghlu Rzayev, known as Anar (born 14 March 1938, Baku), is Azerbaijani writer, dramatist, film director, and the Chairman of the Writers’ Union of Azerbaijan. Anar is primarily a novelist and short-story writer although in the past, he has also authored screenplays and directed films as well as acted in a film.

Anar was born to the family of Azerbaijani poets Rasul Rza (1910–1981) and Nigar Rafibeyli (1913–1981). After finishing a 10-year music school in Baku, he entered the Philology Department at the Baku State University. He later completed courses on screen writing and production in Moscow.
Anar has been recognized with the following awards: Honored Art Worker of Azerbaijan (1976), Azerbaijan State Prize (1980) and Istiglal Order (Order of Sovereignty) in 1998.

Anar is the President of the Writers’ Union of Azerbaijan and was Member of the Supreme Soviet and National Assembly several times.